Oral hormonal contraceptives

Oral hormonal contraceptives, to which this medication belongs https://pillintrip.com/medicine/oralcon, or oral contraception as they are called around the world, consisting of synthetic hormones, prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation and preventing the egg from implanting in the uterine wall.
Remember! No other contraception does not give such a reliable, almost 100% protection against unwanted pregnancy!

The chance of getting pregnant while taking oral contraception is 0.2-0.5%! This is a huge advantage of hormonal contraception.
It is hormonal contraception that is now at the peak of popularity around the world. In some European countries, combined oral contraceptives are used by up to 70% of women of reproductive age. In Russia, unfortunately, not more than 5-7%. But this contraception gives almost a 100% guarantee of prevention of unwanted pregnancy, far superior to all other means of contraception. What is the problem?

Apparently, many of us have heard about the unwanted side effects – weight gain, acne, hair loss, etc. But all of this applied to the contraceptives of the old generation. Nowadays, highly effective low-dose hormonal drugs have been created that have virtually no side effects. In addition, they have the ability to prevent many female diseases, such as endometriosis, hyperplasia, polyposis, myomas and malignancies.

Women after 40 years of age should pay attention to the feature of reducing the risk of developing reproductive organ cancer. If they take hormonal contraceptives at least 2 years before menopause, the risk of ovarian cancer decreases by 40%. And such effect is preserved for 10-15 years after cancellation of medicine! Naturally, women of late reproductive age should undergo the necessary examinations before starting hormonal contraceptives.

If the high level of hormones in the drugs of previous generations did not allow prescribing them to young girls, now low- and microdosed oral contraceptives are ideal for girls who have not given birth, in particular Regulon and Novinet. Moreover, they have a positive effect on the skin – it becomes healthy and smooth, youthful blackheads disappear, and also re

duce hair growth, rather than increase, as many believe. Naturally, it is necessary to choose hormonal contraceptives only on the recommendation of a doctor.

Very positively affects the reception of hormonal contraceptives for prolonged, heavy and painful menstrual bleeding. In 2-3 months of reception of correctly picked up preparation irregular menstrual cycle is normalized, phenomena of premenstrual syndrome, painfulness and abundance of menstruations disappear.
Now, if you go to the antenatal clinic for advice on preventing unwanted pregnancy, in almost all cases, you will be advised to use contraceptive pills – oral hormonal contraceptives. And it’s no accident. Most doctors consider the use of such means the safest and most effective. Practice shows the same.

The mechanism of action of oral contraceptives

To better understand the mechanism of action of oral hormonal contraceptives, let’s go a little deeper into the peculiarities of the female body.
The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. Approximately in the middle of this period, one of the ovaries produces an egg, which enters the fallopian tube. Thus, ovulation occurs. If the spermatozoa pass unhindered into the uterus and through it into the tubes, they are able to fertilize the egg, which then descends into the uterus and attaches to its mucous membrane.
If conception does not occur, the unfertilized egg, along with the mucous membrane lining the uterus, is removed from the body at the end of each menstrual period. What happens is what we call a period: menstrual bleeding.

The entire menstrual cycle is regulated by 2 groups of hormones that are produced in the ovaries. The beginning of each new cycle is characterized by an increase in estrogen, which causes the mucous membrane of the uterus to expand so that the fertilized egg can easily, implant in the uterine wall. After that, the body starts producing progesterone, which slows down the growth of the uterine mucosa.

If pregnancy occurs, the ovaries and then the placenta continue to produce progesterone in ever-increasing quantities, which prevents the maturation of new eggs. But if fertilization does not occur, the amount of hormone begins to decrease.

Knowledge of all phases of the menstrual cycle has allowed the production of oral hormonal contraceptives, which by mechanism of action are similar to the natural hormones produced by the body at the onset of pregnancy to prevent the formation of new eggs.

Thus, oral contraceptives prevent the appearance of eggs, therefore, fertilization cannot occur. In addition, there is a significant thickening of mucus in the cervix, and sperm can not overcome this barrier. The third factor is the suspension of preparation of the uterine mucosa for implantation of the fertilized egg.